標題: A new BlueRing scatternet topology for Bluetooth with its formation, routing, and maintenance protocols
作者: Lin, TY
Tseng, YC
Chang, KM
資訊工程學系
Department of Computer Science
關鍵字: ad hoc network;Bluetooth;mobile computing;personal area network (PAN);piconet;routing;scatternet;wireless communication
公開日期: 1-Jun-2003
摘要: The basic networking unit in Bluetooth is piconet, and a larger-area Bluetooth network can be formed by multiple piconets, called scatternet. However, the structure of scatternets is not defined in the Bluetooth specification and remains as an open issue at the designers' choice. It is desirable to have simple yet efficient scatternet topologies with good supports of routing protocols, considering that Bluetooths are to be used for personal area networks with design goals of simplicity and compactness. In the literature, although many routing protocols have been proposed for mobile ad hoc networks, directly applying them poses a problem due to Bluetooth's special baseband and MAC-layer features. In this work, we propose an attractive scatternet topology called BlueRing, which connects piconets as a ring interleaved by bridges between piconets, and address its formation, routing, and topology-maintenance protocols. The BlueRing architecture enjoys the following fine features. First, routing on BlueRing is stateless in the sense that no routing information needs to be kept by any host once the ring is formed. This would be favorable for environments such as Smart Homes where computing capability is limited. Second, the architecture is scalable to median-size scatternets easily (e.g. around 50 similar to 70 Bluetooth units). In comparison, most star- or treelike scatternet topologies can easily form a communication bottleneck at the root of the tree as the network enlarges. Third, maintaining a BlueRing is an easy job even as some Bluetooth units join or leave the network. To tolerate single-point failure, we propose a protocol-level remedy mechanism. To tolerate multipoint failure, we propose a recovery mechanism to reconnect the BlueRing. Graceful failure is tolerable as long as no two or more critical points fail at the same time. As far as we know, the fault-tolerant issue has not been properly addressed by existing scatternet protocols yet. In addition, we also evaluate the ideal network throughput at different BlueRing sizes and configurations by mathematical analysis. Simulation results are presented, which demonstrate that BlueRing outperforms other scatternet structures with higher network throughput and moderate packet delay. Copyright (C) 2003 John Wiley Sons, Ltd.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/wcm.130
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/27825
ISSN: 1530-8669
DOI: 10.1002/wcm.130
期刊: WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS & MOBILE COMPUTING
Volume: 3
Issue: 4
起始頁: 517
結束頁: 537
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