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dc.contributor.authorLin, TYen_US
dc.contributor.authorChen, TSen_US
dc.description.abstractOxidoreductases of the thioredoxin superfamily possess the C-X-X-C motif. The redox potentials vary over a wide range for these proteins. A crucial determinant of the redox potential has been attributed to the variation of the X-X dipeptide. Here, we substitute Lys for Gly at the first X of Escherichia coli thioredoxin to investigate how a positive charge would affect the redox potential. The substitution does not affect the protein's redox potential. The equilibrium constant obtained from pairwise reaction between the mutant and wild-type proteins equals 1.1, indicating that the replacement does not significantly affect the thiol-disulfide redox equilibrium. However, the catalytic efficiency of thioredoxin reductase on the G33K mutant decreases approximately 2.8 times compared to that of the wild type. The mutation mainly affects K-m, with little effect on k(cat). The mutation also inhibits thioredoxin's ability to reduce insulin disulfide by approximately one-half. Whether the mutant protein supports the growth of phages T3/7 and f1 was tested. The efficiency of plating (EOP) of T3/7 on the mutant strain decreases 5 times at 37 degreesC and 3 x 10(4) times at 42 degreesC relative to that of the wild-type strain, suggesting that interaction between phage gene 5 protein and thioredoxin is hindered. The mutation also reduces the EOP of phage f1 by 8-fold at 37 degreesC and 1.5-fold at 42 degreesC. The global structure of the mutant protein does not change when studied by CD and fluorescence spectra. Therefore, G33K does not significantly affect the overall structure or redox potential of thioredoxin, but primarily interferes with its interaction with other proteins. Together with the G33D mutation, the overall results show that a charged residue at the first X has a greater influence on the molecular interaction of the protein than the redox potential.en_US
dc.titleA positive charge at position 33 of thioredoxin primarily affects its interaction with other proteins but not redox potentialen_US
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Biological Science and Technologyen_US
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