標題: Enhanced thermal properties of PS nanocomposites formed from inorganic POSS-treated montmorillonite
作者: Yei, DR
Kuo, SW
Su, YC
Chang, FC
應用化學系
Department of Applied Chemistry
關鍵字: montmorillonite;nanocomposites;polystyrene
公開日期: 13-Apr-2004
摘要: We have prepared polystyrene/clay nanocomposites using an emulsion polymerization technique. The nanocomposites were exfoliated at up to a 3 wt% content of pristine clay relative to the amount of polystyrene (PS). We used two different surfactants for the montmorillonite: the aminopropylisobutyl polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) and the ammonium salt of cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC). Both surfactants can intercalate into the layers of the pristine clay dispersed in water prior to polymerization. Although the d spacing of the POSS-intercalated clay is relatively smaller than that of the CPC-intercalated clay, PS more easily intercalates and exfoliates the POSS-treated clay than the CPC-treated clay. IR spectroscopic analysis further confirms the intercalation of POSS within the clay layers. We used X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to characterize the structures of the nanocomposites. The nanocomposite prepared from the clay treated with the POSS containing surfactant is exfoliated, while an intercalated clay was obtained from the CPC-treated surfactant. The molecular weights of polystyrene (PS) obtained from the nanocomposite is slightly lower than the virgin PS formed under similar polymerization conditions. The value of T, of the PS component in the nanocomposite is 8 degreesC higher than the virgin PS and its thermal decomposition temperature (21 degreesC) is also higher significantly. The presence of the POSS unit in the MMT enhances the thermal stability of the polystyrene. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2004.02.020
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/26877
ISSN: 0032-3861
DOI: 10.1016/j.polymer.2004.02.020
期刊: POLYMER
Volume: 45
Issue: 8
起始頁: 2633
結束頁: 2640
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