|標題:||Low-temperature fabrication of carbon nanofibers by self-assembling of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon molecules|
Department of Materials Science and Engineering
|摘要:||Carbon nanofibers (CNFs) with diameter similar to66 nm have been synthesized from coronene by low-temperature (similar to45 degreesC) vacuum sublimation without the aid of a catalyst. Our method makes use of the property of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) molecules, which can self-assemble into columnar aggregates. This polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-carbon nanofibers (PAH-CNFs) reveal much better thermal stability than commercial carbon nanotubes and exhibit field-emission characteristics with the onset of an electric field of 5.4 V/mum and field enhancement factor of 1326 cm(-1) for 100 mum interelectrode distance. The relative high thermal stability and easier process open up a possibility to fabricate large-scale field-emission devices in an efficient way and to provide a broad range of applications in nanoscience and technology. (C) 2004 American Institute of Physics.|
|期刊:||APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS|
|Appears in Collections:||Articles|
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