標題: Effect of the core-shell impact modifier shell thickness on toughening PVC
作者: Lee, JS
Chang, FC
應用化學系
Department of Applied Chemistry
公開日期: 1-Oct-2004
摘要: The shell thickness of a core/shell impact modifier is found to be the single most important factor in the toughening of rigid polyvinyl chloride (PVC). When the shell thickness is greater than a critical value of 15.8 nm, these core-shell elastomeric particles are able to remain structurally intact and well dispersed within the PVC matrix after melt blending. However, too thick a shell thickness results in a hard core (high modulus) of these core/shell particles and loss of the rubbery nature required of an efficient impact modifier. Therefore, these over-thick particles can act only as rigid fillers. not as efficient rubbery modifiers. On the other hand, when the shell thickness is less than the critical value of 4.9 nm, too thin a shell layer is simply unable to fully protect and cover the inner rubbery core during vigorous processing conditions, and these core-shell particles tend to connect with one another through the partially exposed core to form a cellular-like structure, thus resulting in poor toughening efficiency. Regardless of the particle size, as long as the shell thickness of these core/shell elastomers is between these two critical values (15.8 nm and 4.9 nm), they all display high efficiency in toughening rigid PVC. (C) 2004 Society of Plastics Engineers.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pen.20190
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/26328
ISSN: 0032-3888
DOI: 10.1002/pen.20190
期刊: POLYMER ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE
Volume: 44
Issue: 10
起始頁: 1885
結束頁: 1889
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