|標題:||Efficiency Improvement of Organic Solar Cells by Slow Growth and Changing Spin-Coating Parameters for Active Layers|
Liu, Mark O.
Department of Materials Science and Engineering
|摘要:||The derivatives of C60, [6,6]-phenyl C(61)-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM), and 3-hexylthiophene (P3HT) were dissolved in o-dichlorobenzene (DCB) solvent, and then spin-coated as an active layer for polymer solar cells. The experimental parameters including the spin-coating speed and drying conditions for the active layer, were studied carefully to obtain the optimum power conversion efficiency (PCE). In the active layer drying procedure, the DCB solvent saturated/unsaturated vapor pressure was adjusted by controlling the amount of solvent at a half-open capacity. The DCB solution was used to enhance the self-organization of the active layer of P3HT and to reduce the number of pure PCBM clusters. In the DCB optimum solution, the PCE of a polymer solar cell can be increased from 1.36 to 1.79%. The structure corresponds to a nano-to-micron scale ordering in the unsaturation-treatment films. In the optimum unsaturation procedure, the PCE of a polymer solar cell can be increased from 1.79 to 2.53%. Using two steps with optimum rotation speeds in the active layer spin-coating, the surface uniformity can be improved, with the PCE increased from 2.53 to 3.13%. (C) 2011 The Japan Society of Applied Physics|
|期刊:||JAPANESE JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS|