標題: Oxidation of TNT by photo-Fenton process
作者: Liou, MJ
Lu, MC
Chen, JN
環境工程研究所
Institute of Environmental Engineering
關鍵字: TNT;Fenton;photo-Fenton;solid phase micro-extraction
公開日期: 1-Dec-2004
摘要: A series of photo-Fenton reactions have been performed for the degradation of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) in a 4.2-1 reactor. The degradation reaction rate of TNT followed a pseudo-first-order behavior; and the rate constants for 2.4 mW cm(-2) UV only, 2.4 mWcm(-2)UV/H2O2, Fenton, photo-Fenton (2.4 mW cm(-2)) and photo-Fenton (4.7 mW cm(-2)) were 0.002 min(-1), 0.007 min(-1), 0.014 min(-1), 0.025 min(-1) and 0.037 min(-1), respectively. Increasing the intensity of UV light, and the concentrations of ferrous ions and hydrogen peroxide promoted the oxidation rate under the experimental conditions in this study. The weighting factor (f), the Fe(II)-promoted efficiency (r) and the promoted-UV light efficiency (p) were calculated to clarify their effects on the TNT oxidation. Moreover, the inhibition effect of hydroxyl radical was also observed in both Fenton and photo-Fenton oxidation when the concentration of Fe(II) were higher than 2.88 mM. Solid phase micro-extraction was first applied to the separation of the organic byproducts from TNT oxidation. GC/MS was employed to identify the byproducts during the Fenton and photo-Fenton oxidation of TNT. These compounds were clarified as 1,3,5-trinitrobenzene, 1-methyl-2,4-dinitrobenzene 2,5-dinitrobenzoic acid and 1,3-dinitrobenzene. By these byproducts, the mechanisms of the methyl group oxidation, decarboxylation, aromatic ring breakage, and hydrolysis can be recognized and demonstrated. The pathway of TNT oxidation by photo-Fenton process was also proposed in this study. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.07.053
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/25568
ISSN: 0045-6535
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.07.053
期刊: CHEMOSPHERE
Volume: 57
Issue: 9
起始頁: 1107
結束頁: 1114
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