標題: Comparative study of polycrystalline Ti, amorphous Ti, and multiamoIrphous Ti as a barrier film for Cu interconnect
作者: Ou, KL
Yu, MS
Hsu, RQ
Lin, MH
機械工程學系
Department of Mechanical Engineering
公開日期: 1-Jan-2005
摘要: Ultrathin (10 nm) Ti films with various structures were deposited by physical vapor deposition (PVD) and chemical vapor deposition (CVD) processes. CVD-Ti films with low-temperature (<500degreesC) plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition Using TiCl4 and H-2 as reactants is an amorphous structure. This result is different from PVD-Ti films. deposited by magnetron sputtering, which have a columnar structure. Ammonia plasma was further employed to post-treat the CVD-Ti barrier layer to improve barrier properties. An amorphous Ti(N,H) layer was formed on the surface of the CVD-Ti layer after ammonia plasma post-treatment. The resultant films had a bilayered amorphous Ti(N,H)/Ti structure. Furthermore, the effective resistivity of the resultant Ti(N, H) /Ti film decreased to 122 muOmega cm. The thermal stability of Cu/PVD-Ti/Si and Cu/CVD-Ti/Si contact systems was evaluated by thermal stressing at various annealing temperatures. For the Cu/PVD-Ti/Si, the highly copper titanium compound was formed after 450degreesC annealing. The PVD Ti barrier failed initially due to the reaction of Cu and the Ti barrier, in which Cu atoms penetrated into the Si substrate after annealing at high temperature. However, no copper-titanium and copper-silicide compounds were found for amorphous Ti and plasma-treated Ti[Ti(N,H)/Ti] barriers, even after annealing at 500 and 600degreesC, respectively. Improved barrier capability against Cu diffusion was found for the Ti(N,H)/Ti barrier layer because the Cu/Ti(N,H)/Ti/n(+)-p junction diodes retained low leakage current densities even, after annealing at 500degreesC for 1 h., Ti(N,H)/Ti barrier layers present lengthened grain structures to effectively impede Cu diffusion, thus acting as much more effective barriers than conventional Ti and TiN films. (C) 2005 American Vacuum Society.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1116/1.1852466
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/25322
ISSN: 1071-1023
DOI: 10.1116/1.1852466
期刊: JOURNAL OF VACUUM SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY B
Volume: 23
Issue: 1
起始頁: 229
結束頁: 235
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