標題: LONGITUDINAL-OPTICAL-PHONON EFFECTS ON THE EXCITON BINDING-ENERGY IN A SEMICONDUCTOR QUANTUM-WELL
作者: CHUU, DS
WON, WL
PEI, JH
電子物理學系
物理研究所
Department of Electrophysics
Institute of Physics
公開日期: 15-五月-1994
摘要: The longitudinal-optical-phonon effect on the exciton binding energies in a quantum well consisting of a single slab of GaAs sandwiched between two semi-infinite slabs of Ga1-xAlxAs are studied. By using the Lee-Low-Pine unitary transformation, the Hamiltonian can be separated into two parts which contain the phonon variables and exciton variables, respectively, providing that the virtual phonon-electron and virtual phonon-hole interactions are neglected. A trial wave function, which is able to reproduce the correct exciton binding energy in a quantum well, is obtained by using a perturbative variational technique. The trial wave function consists of a product of the envelope function in the z direction (perpendicular to the layers) for electron and hole and a purely two-dimensional exciton wave function. The dependence of the ground-state binding energy, which includes the effect of electron-phonon interaction on the well width, is investigated. It is found that the correction due to polaron effects on the exciton binding energy is quite significant for a well width of several hundred angstroms and the effects of either surface phonons or bulk phonons on the binding energy of the heavy-hole exciton is always larger than that of the light-hole exciton. Our results are compared with some previous results, and satisfactory agreements are obtained.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.49.14554
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/2489
ISSN: 0163-1829
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.49.14554
期刊: PHYSICAL REVIEW B
Volume: 49
Issue: 20
起始頁: 14554
結束頁: 14563
顯示於類別:期刊論文