標題: Evolution retrospective for alternative fuels: First to fourth generation
作者: Dutta, Kasturi
Daverey, Achlesh
Lin, Jih-Gaw
環境工程研究所
Institute of Environmental Engineering
關鍵字: Alternative biofuels;Greenhouse gas;Biodiesel;Algae;Metabolic engineering
公開日期: 1-Sep-2014
摘要: The ever increasing worldwide demand for liquid and gaseous fuels along with overwhelming environmental concerns for greenhouse gas emissions have driven scientists and technologists to consider different alternative energy sources. In past decades, several biomass sources have been identified with increasing potential to be used as new alternative sources of energy - the "Biofuels". The evolution of biofuels is classified into four different generations. In this article an overview of the systematic evolution of different biofuel generations with their advantages and disadvantages has been presented. The advancements in technology, reduction in greenhouse gas emission and assessment of commercial production cost of each generation of biofuel have also been highlighted. Finally this review provides an outlook for a better future generation biofuel. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2014.02.044
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/24821
ISSN: 0960-1481
DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2014.02.044
期刊: RENEWABLE ENERGY
Volume: 69
Issue: 
起始頁: 114
結束頁: 122
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