標題: Purification of multi-walled carbon nanotubes through microwave heating of nitric acid in a closed vessel
作者: Ko, FH
Lee, CY
Ko, CJ
Chu, TC
材料科學與工程學系奈米科技碩博班
Graduate Program of Nanotechnology , Department of Materials Science and Engineering
關鍵字: carbon nanotubes;electron microscopy;Raman spectroscopy;defects
公開日期: 2005
摘要: We demonstrate that microwave-assisted heating in 5mL of nitric acid eliminates impurities, such as amorphous carbon, carbon nanoparticles, and metals, from multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs). Heating the closed reaction vessel under microwave irradiation at 160degreesC for 30min is a very effective means of purifying the MWNTs. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images confirm that these reaction conditions are beneficial for removing the impurities and ensuring that the MWNTs remain intact. In contrast, a purification temperature of 180degreesC provides too strongly oxidizing conditions that destroy the MWNTs. The ratio of the G and D bands in the Raman spectra also confirms that a temperature of 160degreesC. is optimal. The defect peak that we observed in the differential thermogravimetry (DTG) analysis of the raw material was not present after microwave purification. The presence of metal impurities in the MWNTs can be reduced significantly when using this method. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11536/24757
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2004.10.042
ISSN: 0008-6223
DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2004.10.042
期刊: CARBON
Volume: 43
Issue: 4
起始頁: 727
結束頁: 733
顯示於類別:期刊論文


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  1. 000227316600008.pdf