標題: A temperature-induced and shear-reversible assembly of latanoprost-loaded amphiphilic chitosan colloids: Characterization and in vivo glaucoma treatment
作者: Hsiao, Meng-Hsuan
Chiou, Shih-Hwa
Larsson, Mikael
Hung, Kuo-Hsuan
Wang, Yi-Ling
Liu, Catherine Jui-Ling
Liu, Dean-Mo
材料科學與工程學系
Department of Materials Science and Engineering
關鍵字: Amphiphilic chitosan;Shear-reversible;Thermogelling;Glaucoma;Colloidal gel
公開日期: 1-Jul-2014
摘要: Hydrogels composed of assembled colloids is a material class that is currently receiving much interest and shows great promise for use in biomedical applications. This emerging material class presents unique properties derived from the combination of nanosized domains in the form of colloidal particles with a continuous gel network and an interspersed liquid phase. Here we developed an amphiphilic chitosan based, thermogelling, shear-reversible colloidal gel system for improved glaucoma treatment and addressed how preparation procedures and loading with the anti-glaucoma drug latanoprost and commonly used preservative benzalkonium chloride influenced the mechanical properties of and drug release from the colloidal gels. The results highlight that incorporated substances and preparation procedures have effects both on mechanical properties and drug release, but that the release of drug loaded in the colloidal carriers is mainly limited by transport out of the carriers, rather than by diffusion within the gel. The developed colloidal chitosan based gels hold outstanding biomedical potential, as confirmed by the ease of preparation and administration, low cytotoxicity in MTT assay, excellent biocompatibility and lowering of intraocular pressure for 40 days in a rabbit glaucoma model. The findings clearly justify further investigations towards clinical use in the treatment of glaucoma. Furthermore, the use of this shear-reversible colloidal gel could easily be extended to localized treatment of a number of critical conditions, from chronic disorders to cancer, potentially resulting in a number of new therapeutics with improved clinical performance. (C) 2014 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actbio.2014.03.016
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/24615
ISSN: 1742-7061
DOI: 10.1016/j.actbio.2014.03.016
期刊: ACTA BIOMATERIALIA
Volume: 10
Issue: 7
起始頁: 3188
結束頁: 3196
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