|標題:||Erbium-Doped Amorphous Carbon-Based Thin Films: A Photonic Material Prepared by Low-Temperature RF-PEMOCVD|
Leong, Keith R.
Kherani, Nazir P.
Department of Electrophysics
|關鍵字:||RF-PEMOCVD;erbium metal-organic compound;deuterated amorphous carbon (a-C:D);fluorination|
|摘要:||The integration of photonic materials into CMOS processing involves the use of new materials. A simple one-step metal-organic radio frequency plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition system (RF-PEMOCVD) was deployed to grow erbium-doped amorphous carbon thin films (a-C:(Er)) on Si substrates at low temperatures (<200 degrees C). A partially fluorinated metal-organic compound, tris(6,6,7,7,8,8,8-heptafluoro-2,2-dimethyl-3,5-octanedionate) Erbium(+III) or abbreviated Er(fod)(3), was incorporated in situ into a-C based host. Six-fold enhancement of Er room-temperature photoluminescence at 1.54 mu m was demonstrated by deuteration of the a-C host. Furthermore, the effect of RF power and substrate temperature on the photoluminescence of a-C:D(Er) films was investigated and analyzed in terms of the film structure. Photoluminescence signal increases with increasing RF power, which is the result of an increase in [O]/[Er] ratio and the respective erbium-oxygen coordination number. Moreover, photoluminescence intensity decreases with increasing substrate temperature, which is attributed to an increased desorption rate or a lower sticking coefficient of the fluorinated fragments during film growth and hence [Er] decreases. In addition, it is observed that Er concentration quenching begins at similar to 2.2 at% and continues to increase until 5.5 at% in the studied a-C: D(Er) matrix. This technique provides the capability of doping Er in a vertically uniform profile.|