標題: Fate of hydrolyzed Al species in humic acid coagulation
作者: Lin, Jr-Lin
Huang, Chihpin
Dempsey, Brian
Hu, Jing-Yi
環境工程研究所
Institute of Environmental Engineering
關鍵字: Coagulation;PACl;Al-13;Humic acid;Organic matter
公開日期: 1-Jun-2014
摘要: The hydrolysis of Al-based coagulants in acidic conditions is necessary for the removal of organic matter by the coagulation/sedimentation process. However, interactions between hydrolyzed Al species and organic matter are complicated and this makes it difficult to optimize coagulant dosing for organics removal. The goal of this study was to investigate the reactions of hydrolyzed Al species in the coagulation of organic matter. Two polyaluminum chloride (PACl) coagulants, a commercial product with sulfate (PACl-C) and lab-prepared material (PACl-Al-13) containing 7% and 96% of total Al as Al-13, respectively, have been applied to investigate the coagulation of humic acid (HA). At pH 6, a lower dosage of PACl-Al-13 than of PACl-C was required for optimized HA removal through coagulation/sedimentation due to the strong complexation and charge neutralization by Al-13. Observation of the coagulation process using wet scanning electron microscopy showed that PACl-C produced both clustered flocs and linear precipitates in the presence of sulfate while PACl-Al-13 produced curled precipitates due to the formation of intermolecular complex, when both coagulants were added at the optimum doses. Investigation of Al HA floc by Al-27-NMR and Al 2p XPS suggested that monomeric Al (Al-m) was hydrolyzed into Al(OH)(3) with tetrahedron for PACl-C coagulation while a half of Al-13 slowly decomposed into octahedral Al-HA precipitates for PACl-Al-13 coagulation. Meanwhile, C ls XPS indicated that aromatic C=C of HA was preferentially removed from solution to Al HA flocs for both PACl-C and PACl-Al-13 coagulation. It was concluded that Al HA complexation strongly affects the reaction pathways for Al hydrolysis and the final nature of the precipitates during PAC coagulation of HA and that the hydrolysis products are also strongly affected by the characteristics of the PAC coagulant. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2014.03.004
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/24408
ISSN: 0043-1354
DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2014.03.004
期刊: WATER RESEARCH
Volume: 56
Issue: 
起始頁: 314
結束頁: 324
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