Title: Effects of a Modified Hospital Elder Life Program on Frailty in Individuals Undergoing Major Elective Abdominal Surgery
Authors: Chen, Cheryl Chia-Hui
Chen, Chiung-Nien
Lai, I-Rue
Huang, Guan-Hua
Saczynski, Jane S.
Inouye, Sharon K.
Institute of Statistics
Keywords: frailty;aged;intervention studies;surgery;geriatric syndromes
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2014
Abstract: ObjectivesTo test the effects of a modified Hospital Elder Life Program (mHELP) on frailty. DesignMatched and unmatched analyses of data from a before-and-after study. SettingHospital, inpatient. ParticipantsParticipants aged 65 and older (n=189) undergoing major elective abdominal surgery at a medical center in Taiwan. InterventionThe mHELP included three nursing interventions: early mobilization, oral and nutritional assistance, and orienting communication. MeasurementsFrailty rate and transitions between frailty states from hospital discharge to 3months after discharge using Fried's phenotype criteria categorized as nonfrail (0 or 1 criteria present), prefrail (2 or 3 criteria present), and frail (4 or 5 criteria present). ResultsIn matched pairs, participants who received the mHELP interventions were significantly less likely to be frail at discharge (19.2%) than matched controls (65.4%) (adjusted odds ratio (AOR)=0.10, 95% CI=0.02-0.39). Transitions to states of greater frailty during hospitalization were more common for participants in the control group. Three months after discharge, participants who received the mHELP intervention during hospitalization were less likely to be frail (17.3%) than matched controls (23.1%) (AOR=0.73, 95% CI=0.21-2.56), although this difference did not achieve statistical significance. ConclusionThe mHELP intervention is effective in reducing frailty by hospital discharge, but the benefit is diminished by 3months after discharge. Thus, the mHELP provides a useful approach to manage in-hospital frailty for older adults undergoing major abdominal surgery.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jgs.12651
ISSN: 0002-8614
DOI: 10.1111/jgs.12651
Volume: 62
Issue: 2
Begin Page: 261
End Page: 268
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