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dc.contributor.authorFang, Chin-Yien_US
dc.contributor.authorHu, Jin-Lien_US
dc.contributor.authorLou, Tze-Kaien_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-12-08T15:34:40Z-
dc.date.available2014-12-08T15:34:40Z-
dc.date.issued2013-12-01en_US
dc.identifier.issn0301-4215en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2013.07.124en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11536/23649-
dc.description.abstractThis study computes the pure technical efficiency (PTE) and energy-saving target of Taiwan's service sectors during 2001-2008 by using the input-oriented data envelopment analysis (DEA) approach with the assumption of a variable returns-to-scale (VRS) situation. This paper further investigates the effects of industry characteristics on the energy-saving target by applying the four-stage DEA proposed by Fried et al. (1999). We also calculate the pre-adjusted and environment-adjusted total-factor energy efficiency (TFEE) scores in these service sectors. There are three inputs (labor, capital stock, and energy consumption) and a single output (real GDP) in the DEA model. The most energy efficient service sector is finance, insurance and real estate, which has an average TFEE of 0.994 and an environment-adjusted TFEE (EATFEE) of 0.807. The study utilizes the panel-data, random-effects Tobit regression model with the energy-saving target (EST) as the dependent variable. Those service industries with a larger GDP output have greater excess use of energy. The capital-labor ratio has a significantly positive effect while the time trend variable has a significantly negative impact on the EST, suggesting that future new capital investment should also be accompanied with energy-saving technology in the service sectors. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.subjectData envelopment analysisen_US
dc.subjectEnvironment-adjusted total-factor energy efficiency (EATFEE)en_US
dc.subjectPanel random-effects Tobit regressionen_US
dc.titleEnvironment-adjusted total-factor energy efficiency of Taiwan's service sectorsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.enpol.2013.07.124en_US
dc.identifier.journalENERGY POLICYen_US
dc.citation.volume63en_US
dc.citation.issueen_US
dc.citation.spage1160en_US
dc.citation.epage1168en_US
dc.contributor.department經營管理研究所zh_TW
dc.contributor.departmentInstitute of Business and Managementen_US
dc.identifier.wosnumberWOS:000330085400120-
dc.citation.woscount2-
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