Title: A review of using eye-tracking technology in exploring learning from 2000 to 2012
Authors: Lai, Meng-Lung
Tsai, Meng-Jung
Yang, Fang-Ying
Hsu, Chung-Yuan
Liu, Tzu-Chien
Lee, Silvia Wen-Yu
Lee, Min-Hsien
Chiou, Guo-Li
Liang, Jyh-Chong
Tsai, Chin-Chung
National Chiao Tung University
Keywords: Eye tracking;Eye movements;Process of learning
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2013
Abstract: This study aims to disclose how eye-tracking technology has been applied to studies of learning, and what eye movement measures have been used for investigations by reviewing studies that have employed the eye-tracking approach. A total of 81 papers including 113 studies were selected from the Social Sciences Citation Index database from 2000 to 2012. Content analysis showed that eye movements and learning were studied under the following seven themes: patterns of information processing, effects of instructional design, reexamination of existing theories, individual differences, effects of learning strategies, patterns of decision making, and conceptual development. As for eye-tracking measurements, the most often used indices were temporal measures, followed by count and spatial measures, although the choice of measures was often motivated by the specific research question. Research development trends show that the use of the eye-tracking method has proliferated recently. This study concludes that the eye-tracking method provides a promising channel for educational researchers to connect learning outcomes to cognitive processes. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.edurev.2013.10.001
ISSN: 1747-938X
DOI: 10.1016/j.edurev.2013.10.001
Volume: 10
Begin Page: 90
End Page: 115
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