Title: New TDR waveguides and data reduction method for monitoring of stream and drainage stage
Authors: Chung, Chih-Chung
Lin, Chih-Ping
Wu, I. -Ling
Chen, Ping-Hung
Tsay, Ting-Kuei
Department of Civil Engineering
Disaster Prevention and Water Environment Research Center
Keywords: Time domain reflectometry (TDR);Water level;Field measurement
Issue Date: 15-Nov-2013
Abstract: Less known in the field of hydrological measurements in civil engineering, time domain reflectometry (TDR) has been developed as a new solution to some of the more difficult level measurement problems. This study applied TDR methodology to provide two new designs for a water level sensing waveguide that can be applied in difficult field conditions such as in an underpass, tunnel, culvert, or sewer, etc. Two types of water level sensing waveguides are presented, including a rigid assembled coaxial pipe and a flexible adhered parallel wire. The corresponding data reduction procedure is also proposed to account for uncertainty of travel time analysis and calibrate the velocity of pulse propagation along the waveguides. The satisfactory performance of both the proposed TDR waveguides and data reduction method was experimentally validated. A field case study further demonstrated the feasibility of the TDR technique for water level measurements under typical urban drainage conditions. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2013.09.050
ISSN: 0022-1694
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2013.09.050
Volume: 505
Begin Page: 346
End Page: 351
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