標題: An immersed boundary method for simulating the dynamics of three-dimensional axisymmetric vesicles in Navier-Stokes flows
作者: Hu, Wei-Fan
Kim, Yongsam
Lai, Ming-Chih
應用數學系
數學建模與科學計算所(含中心)
Department of Applied Mathematics
Graduate Program of Mathematical Modeling and Scientific Computing, Department of Applied Mathematics
關鍵字: Immersed boundary method;Inextensible interface;Axisymmetric vesicle;Navier-Stokes equations
公開日期: 15-一月-2014
摘要: In this paper, we develop a simple immersed boundary method to simulate the dynamics of three-dimensional axisymmetric inextensible vesicles in Navier-Stokes flows. Instead of introducing a Lagrange's multiplier to enforce the vesicle inextensibility constraint, we modify the model by adopting a spring-like tension to make the vesicle boundary nearly inextensible so that solving for the unknown tension can be avoided. We also derive a new elastic force from the modified vesicle energy and obtain exactly the same form as the originally unmodified one. In order to represent the vesicle boundary, we use Fourier spectral approximation so we can compute the geometrical quantities on the interface more accurately. A series of numerical tests on the present scheme have been conducted to illustrate the applicability and reliability of the method. We first perform the accuracy check of the geometrical quantities of the interface, and the convergence check for different stiffness numbers as well as fluid variables. Then we study the vesicle dynamics in quiescent flow and in gravity. Finally, the shapes of vesicles in Poiseuille flow are investigated in detail to study the effects of the reduced volume, the confinement, and the mean flow velocity. The numerical results are shown to be in good agreement with those obtained in literature. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcp.2013.10.018
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/23191
ISSN: 0021-9991
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcp.2013.10.018
期刊: JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS
Volume: 257
Issue: 
起始頁: 670
結束頁: 686
顯示於類別:期刊論文


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