標題: Localization-delocalization transition of the instantaneous normal modes of liquid water
作者: Huang, Ban-Chiech
Chang, Cheng-Hung
物理研究所
Institute of Physics
公開日期: 9-十月-2013
摘要: Despite the fact that the localization-delocalization transition (LDT) widely exists in wave systems, quantitative studies on its critical and multifractal properties are mainly focused on solids. In this work, these properties are investigated on the vibrational motions of liquid water. Simulations of up to 18 000 molecules on the flexible extended simple point charge water model provide nearly 10(6) instantaneous normal modes. They are shown to undergo an LDT close to the translational transition and exhibit multifractal fluctuations while approaching the LDT. In combination with finite-size scaling, multifractal analysis predicts the critical frequency Im(omega(c)) approximate to -131.6 cm(-1) for unstable modes at room temperature. The estimated critical exponent nu approximate to 1.60 is close to those of other calculated systems in the same Wigner-Dyson class. At the LDT, the fractal spectrum f (alpha) and the most probable local vibrational intensity alpha(mc) approximate to 4.04 coincide with those of the Anderson model, which might be additional universal properties of LDT in more general wave systems. The results extend the validity of the multifractal scaling approach beyond Andersonian systems to a Hessian system.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.88.042116
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/22983
ISSN: 1539-3755
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.88.042116
期刊: PHYSICAL REVIEW E
Volume: 88
Issue: 4
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