標題: Long-term impacts of residue harvesting on soil quality
作者: Laird, David A.
Chang, Cheng-Wen
應用化學系
Department of Applied Chemistry
關鍵字: Bioenergy;Biomass harvesting;Residue;Soil quality;Nitrogen mineralization potential
公開日期: 1-Nov-2013
摘要: Development of the cellulosic bioenergy industry raises the prospect of wide spread stover harvesting in the near future; however, the impact of stover harvesting on soil quality may not be apparent for several years. Here we evaluate the impact of 19 years of either zero or approximately 90% removal of above ground crop residue on soil quality. The 0-5, 5-15, and 15-30 cm soil depths of Waukegan silt loam (Typic Hapludoll) from east-central Minnesota were sampled from plots after 12 and 7 years of maize and soybean cropping, respectively. On average for the 0-5 and 5-15 cm depths, soil organic C was 12% less, total N was 12.6% less, N mineralization potential was 27.7% less, cation exchange capacity was 7.3% less, macro aggregation was 13.0% less, and total respiration was 12.3% less for plots with residue harvesting relative to plots where residue was not harvested. Minimal impacts of residue harvesting were apparent for the 15-30 cm soil samples, except N mineralization potential which was 28% lower for plots with residue harvesting. Declines in soil quality indicators due to residue harvesting were only slightly less severe for no-tillage plots relative to chisel and moldboard plow tillage plots. We conclude that harvesting 90% of above ground residue for 19 years resulted in substantial degradation of soil quality, and that the impact on N mineralization potential was substantially larger than the loss of total N, suggesting that labile organic N was selectively depleted. We also conclude that stover harvesting for bioenergy production could cause similar degradation of soil quality unless management practices that increase C inputs to soils are also implemented. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2013.07.001
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/22941
ISSN: 0167-1987
DOI: 10.1016/j.still.2013.07.001
期刊: SOIL & TILLAGE RESEARCH
Volume: 134
Issue: 
起始頁: 33
結束頁: 40
Appears in Collections:Articles


Files in This Item:

  1. 000326553700005.pdf