|標題:||Computational Investigation of O(2) Reduction and Diffusion on 25% Sr-Doped LaMnO(3) Cathodes in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells|
Lin, M. C.
Department of Applied Chemistry
Institute of Molecular science
|摘要:||The oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and diffusion mechanisms on 25% Sr-doped LaMnO(3) (LSM) cathode materials as well as their kinetic behavior have been studied by using spin-polarized density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Bader charge and frequency analyses were carried out to identify the oxidation state of adsorbed oxygen species. DFT and molecular dynamics (MD) results show that the fast O(2) adsorption/reduction process via superoxide and peroxide intermediates is energetically favorable on the Mn site rather than on the Sr site. Furthermore, the higher adsorption energies on the Mn site of the (110) surface compared to those on the (100) surface imply that the former is more efficient for O(2) reduction. Significantly, we predict that oxygen vacancies enhance O(2) reduction kinetics and that the O-ion migration through the bulk is dominant over that on cathode.|