標題: Effect of molecular weight of additives on the conductivity of PEDOT: PSS and efficiency for ITO-free organic solar cells
作者: Mengistie, Desalegn Alemu
Wang, Pen-Cheng
Chu, Chih-Wei
光電工程學系
Department of Photonics
公開日期: 2013
摘要: We systematically investigated the effect of the molecular weight of additives on the conductivity of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene): poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) by using different concentrations and molecular weights of polyethylene glycol (PEG) and ethylene glycol (EG). The conductivity enhancement depends on both the molecular weight and concentration of PEG used. The conductivity of PEDOT: PSS was enhanced from 0.3 S cm(-1) to 805 S cm(-1) with 2% PEG but to only 640 S cm(-1) with 6% EG. PEGs with molecular weight higher than 400 have too low mobility to impart the required screening effect, and hence, the conductivity enhancement is less. Through FTIR, XPS and AFM investigations, the mechanism for the conductivity enhancement is found to be charge screening between PEDOT and PSS followed by phase separation and reorientation of PEDOT chains leading to bigger and better connected particles. The molecular weight and concentration of PEG also affect solar cell performances even though the conductivities are the same. Due to their high conductivity and high transmittance, ITO-free organic solar cell devices fabricated using PEDOT: PSS treated with 2% PEG anodes exhibited performance almost equal to that of the ITO counterparts.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11536/22630
http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c3ta11726j
ISSN: 2050-7488
DOI: 10.1039/c3ta11726j
期刊: JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY A
Volume: 1
Issue: 34
起始頁: 9907
結束頁: 9915
顯示於類別:期刊論文


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