Title: Dynamics of electric transport in interacting Weyl semimetals
Authors: Rosenstein, B.
Lewkowicz, M.
Department of Electrophysics
Issue Date: 3-Jul-2013
Abstract: The response to an electric field (dc and ac) of electronic systems in which the Fermi "surface" consists of a number of three-dimensional (3D) Weyl points (such as some pyrochlore iridates) exhibits a peculiar combination of characteristics usually associated with insulating and conducting behavior. Generically a neutral plasma in clean materials can be described by a tight-binding model with a strong spin-orbit interaction. A system of that type has a vanishing dc conductivity; however the current response to the dc field is very slow: The current decays with time in a powerwise manner, different from an insulator. The ac conductivity, in addition to a finite real part sigma'(Omega) which is linear in frequency, exhibits an imaginary part sigma '' (Omega) that increases logarithmically as a function of the UV cutoff (atomic scale). This leads to a substantial dielectric response like a large dielectric constant at low frequencies. This is in contrast to a two-dimensional (2D) Weyl semimetal-like graphene at a neutrality point where the ac conductivity is purely pseudodissipative. The Coulomb interaction between electrons is long range and sufficiently strong to make a significant impact on transport. The interaction contribution to the ac conductivity is calculated within the tight-binding model. The result for the real part expressed via the renormalized (at frequency (Omega) over bar) Fermi velocity nu is Delta sigma'(Omega) = e(4)Omega/(9 pi(2)(h) over bar nu)[2 log(Omega/ (Omega) over bar)-5].
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.88.045108
ISSN: 1098-0121
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.88.045108
Volume: 88
Issue: 4
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