Title: Stress-mediated magnetic anisotropy and magnetoelastic coupling in epitaxial multiferroic PbTiO3-CoFe2O4 nanostructures
Authors: Tsai, C. Y.
Chen, H. R.
Chang, F. C.
Tsai, W. C.
Cheng, H. M.
Chu, Y. H.
Lai, C. H.
Hsieh, W. F.
Department of Materials Science and Engineering
Department of Photonics
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2013
Abstract: This study reports a self-assembled multiferroic nanostructure, composed of PbTiO3 (PTO) pillars embedded in a CoFe2O4 (CFO) matrix, deposited on MgO(001) by pulsed laser deposition. The epitaxial relationship in the PTO-CFO nanostructure is (100) [101](PTO) parallel to (001) [101](CFO) parallel to (001) [101](MgO), confirming the in-plane aligned polarization of PTO. The perpendicular magnetic anisotropy of this thin film results from the magnetoelastic anisotropy that exceeds the shape anisotropy. The increased frequency and the enhanced intensity of the tetrahedral (T-) site phonon modes by increasing the magnetic field indicate strong magnetoelastic coupling through magnetostriction in this multiferroic nanostructure. The anisotropic Raman strength enhancement of the T-site phonon along different directions suggests the magnetoelastic coupling is most efficient in the in-plane direction. (C) 2013 American Institute of Physics. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4800069]
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4800069
ISSN: 0003-6951
DOI: 10.1063/1.4800069
Volume: 102
Issue: 13
End Page: 
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