|標題:||Expression of beta-glucuronidase on the surface of bacteria enhances activation of glucuronide prodrugs|
Chen, F. M.
Department of Biological Science and Technology
|關鍵字:||beta-glucuronidase;autotransporter protein adhesin;bacteria-directed enzyme prodrug therapy;extracellular activation;surface display|
|摘要:||Extracellular activation of hydrophilic glucuronide prodrugs by p-glucuronidase (beta G) was examined to increase, the therapeutic, efficacy of bacteria-directed enzyme prodrug therapy (BDEPT). beta G was expressed on the surface of Escherichia coli by fusion to either the bacterial autotransporter protein Adhesin (membrane beta G (m beta G)/AIDA) or the lipoprotein (Ipp) outermembrane protein A (m beta G/Ipp). Both m beta G/AIDA and m beta G/Ipp were expressed on the bacterial surface, but only m beta G/AIDA displayed enzymatic activity. The rate of substrate hydrolysis by m beta G/AIDA-BL21 cells was 2.6-fold greater than by p beta G-BL21 cells, which express periplasmic beta G. Human colon cancer HCT116 cells that were incubated with m beta G/AIDA-BL21 bacteria were sensitive to a glucuronide prodrug (p-hydroxy aniline mustard beta-D-glucuronide, HAMG) with an half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) value of 226.53 +/- 45.4 M, similar to the IC50 value of the active drug (p-hydroxy aniline mustard, pHAM; 70.6 +/- 6.75 mu M), indicating that m beta G/AIDA on BL21 bacteria could rapidly and efficiently convert HAMG to an active anticancer agent. These results suggest that surface display of functional beta G on bacteria can enhance the hydrolysis of glucuronide prodrugs and may increase the effectiveness of BDEPT.|
|期刊:||CANCER GENE THERAPY|
|Appears in Collections:||Articles|