Title: Hot Cracking in AZ31 and AZ61 Magnesium Alloy
Authors: Huang, C. J.
Cheng, C. M.
Chou, C. P.
Chen, F. H.
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Keywords: Varestraint test;Thermal cycles;Hot-cracking susceptibility;Gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW);AZ31;AZ61
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2011
Abstract: This paper examined the impact of the number of thermal cycles and augmented strain on hot cracking in AZ31 and AZ61 magnesium alloy. Statistical analyses were performed. Following observation using a scanning electron microscope (SEM), an energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS) was used for component analysis. Results showed that Al content in magnesium alloy has an effect on hot cracking susceptibility. In addition, the nonequilibrium solidification process produced segregation in Al content, causing higher liquid Mg-alloy rich Al content at grain boundaries, and resulting into liquefied grain boundaries of partially melted zone (PMZ). In summary, under multiple thermal cycles AZ61 produced serious liquation cracking. AZ61 has higher (6 wt%) Al content and produced much liquefied Mg(17)Al(12) at grain boundaries under multiple thermal cycles. The liquefied Mg(17)Al(12) were pulled apart and hot cracks formed at weld metal HAZ due to the augmented strain. Since AZ31 had half the Al content of AZ61, its hot-cracking susceptibility was lower than AZ61. In addition, AZ61 showed longer total crack length (TCL) in one thermal cycle compared to that in three thermal cycles. This phenomenon was possibly due to high-temperature gasification of Al during the welding process, which resulted in lower overall Al content. Consequently, shorter hot cracks exhibited in three thermal cycles. It was found the Al content of AZ31 and AZ61 can be used to assess the hot-cracking susceptibility.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1005-0302(11)60118-7
ISSN: 1005-0302
DOI: 10.1016/S1005-0302(11)60118-7
Volume: 27
Issue: 7
Begin Page: 633
End Page: 640
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