Title: Field-Emission Characteristics of Al-Doped ZnO Nanostructures Hydrothermally Synthesized at Low Temperature
Authors: Yang, Po-Yu
Wang, Jyh-Liang
Tsai, Wei-Chih
Wang, Shui-Jinn
Lin, Jia-Chuan
Lee, I-Che
Chang, Chia-Tsung
Cheng, Huang-Chung
Department of Electronics Engineering and Institute of Electronics
Keywords: Aluminum-Doped Zinc Oxide (AZO);Hydrothermal Method;Field-Emission;Nanowire;Nanosheet;Low Temperature
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2011
Abstract: The aluminum-doped ZnO (AZO) nanostructures with different Al concentrations were synthesized on AZO/glass substrate via a simple hydrothermal growth method at a temperature as low as 85 degrees C. The morphologies, crystallinity, optical emission properties, and chemical bonding states of AZO nanostructures show evident dependence on the aluminum dosage. The morphologies of AZO nanostructures were changed from vertically aligned nanowires (NWs), and NWs coexisted with nanosheets (NSs), to complete NSs in respect of the Al-dosages of 0 similar to 3 at.%, 5 at.%, and 7 at.%, correspondingly. The undoped ZnO and lightly Al-doped AZO (<= 3 at.%) NWs are single-crystalline wurtzite structure. In contrast, heavily Al-doped AZO sample is polycrystalline. The AZO nanostructure with 3 at.% Al-dosages reveals the optimal crystallinity and less structural defects, reflecting the longest carrier lifetime and highest conductivity. Consequently, the field-emission characteristics of such an AZO emitter can exhibit the higher current density, larger field-enhancement factor (beta) of 3131, lower turn-on field of 2.17 V/mu m, and lower threshold field of 3.43 V/mu m.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.4337
ISSN: 1533-4880
DOI: 10.1166/jnn.2011.4337
Volume: 11
Issue: 7
Begin Page: 6013
End Page: 6019
Appears in Collections:Articles