Title: 16-Hydroxycleroda-3,13-dien-15,16-olide deregulates PI3K and Aurora B activities that involve in cancer cell apoptosis
Authors: Lin, Yi-Hsiung
Lee, Chien-Chih
Chan, Wen-Li
Chang, Wen-Hsin
Wu, Yang-Chang
Chang, Jan-Gowth
Institude of Bioinformatics and Systems Biology
Keywords: 16-Hydroxycleroda-3,13-dien-15,16-olide;Aurora B;PI3K;Mitotic block;Apoptosis
Issue Date: 11-Jul-2011
Abstract: The PI3K-AKT pathway and Aurora kinase play essential roles in such cellular processes as cell survival, angiogenesis, and differentiation, and are usually expressed at maximum levels during cancer cell proliferation. The present study investigated the effect of the natural compound, 16-hydroxycleroda-3,13-dien-15,16-olide (PL3), on regulating the PI3K-AKT pathway and Aurora B, which led to cancer cell apoptosis. PL3 acts as a PI3K inhibitor by influencing cell survival, signaling transduction, and cell cycle progression. It was observed that PL3 targeted and induced dephosphorylation of the PI3K pathway, degradation of Aurora B and mitotic-related gene expressions, and sequentially shut down the cell cycle. This eventually resulted in cell death. As Aurora B was downregulated, spindle dysfunction and destruction of the G(2)/M phase checkpoint resulted in DNA-damaged cells undergoing apoptosis. Moreover. PL3 also resensitized T31 5I-mutated Bcr-ABL(+) BA/F3 cells to improve the cytotoxicity of Imatinib in Imatinib-resistant cell line. Taken together, PL3 can perturb the PI3K-AKT pathway and Aurora B resulting in gene silencing and cell cycle disturbance. It was demonstrated that PL3 acted like a novel small-molecule PI3K modulator, thereby potentially contributing to cancer chemotherapy and combination medication. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tox.2011.04.004
ISSN: 0300-483X
DOI: 10.1016/j.tox.2011.04.004
Volume: 285
Issue: 1-2
Begin Page: 72
End Page: 80
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