Title: Study on bending behaviour of nickeltitanium rotary endodontic instruments by analytical and numerical analyses
Authors: Tsao, C. C.
Liou, J. U.
Wen, P. H.
Peng, C. C.
Liu, T. S.
機械工程學系
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Keywords: bending;endodontic instruments;EulerBernoulli beam;finite element method;large deformation
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2013
Abstract: Tsao CC, Liou JU, Wen PH, Peng CC, Liu TS. Study on bending behaviour of nickel-titanium rotary endodontic instruments by analytical and numerical analyses. International Endodontic Journal, 46, 379-388, 2013. Aim To develop analytical models and analyse the stress distribution and flexibility of nickeltitanium (NiTi) instruments subject to bending forces. Methodology The analytical method was used to analyse the behaviours of NiTi instruments under bending forces. Two NiTi instruments (RaCe and Mani NRT) with different cross-sections and geometries were considered. Analytical results were derived using EulerBernoulli nonlinear differential equations that took into account the screw pitch variation of these NiTi instruments. In addition, the nonlinear deformation analysis based on the analytical model and the finite element nonlinear analysis was carried out. Numerical results are obtained by carrying out a finite element method. Results According to analytical results, the maximum curvature of the instrument occurs near the instrument tip. Results of the finite element analysis revealed that the position of maximum von Mises stress was near the instrument tip. Therefore, the proposed analytical model can be used to predict the position of maximum curvature in the instrument where fracture may occur. Finally, results of analytical and numerical models were compatible. Conclusion The proposed analytical model was validated by numerical results in analysing bending deformation of NiTi instruments. The analytical model is useful in the design and analysis of instruments. The proposed theoretical model is effective in studying the flexibility of NiTi instruments. Compared with the finite element method, the analytical model can deal conveniently and effectively with the subject of bending behaviour of rotary NiTi endodontic instruments.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/iej.12025
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/21366
ISSN: 0143-2885
DOI: 10.1111/iej.12025
Journal: INTERNATIONAL ENDODONTIC JOURNAL
Volume: 46
Issue: 4
Begin Page: 379
End Page: 388
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