|標題:||A two-stage mining framework to explore key risk conditions on one-vehicle crash severity|
Lan, Lawrence W.
Department of Transportation and Logistics Management
|關鍵字:||Crash severity;Genetic mining rule;One-vehicle crashes;Mixed logit model;Stepwise rule-mining algorithm|
|摘要:||This paper proposes a two-stage mining framework to explore the key risk conditions that may have contributed to the one-vehicle crash severity in Taiwan's freeways. In the first stage, a genetic mining rule (GMR) model is developed, using a novel stepwise rule-mining algorithm, to identify the potential risk conditions that best elucidate the one-vehicle crash severity. In the second stage, a mixed logit model is estimated, using the antecedent part of the mined-rules as explanatory variables, to test the significance of the risk conditions. A total of 5563 one-vehicle crash cases (226 fatalities, 1593 injuries and 3744 property losses) occurred in Taiwan's freeways over 2003-2007 are analyzed. The GMR model has mined 29 rules for use. By incorporating these 29 mined-rules into a mixed logit model, we further identify one key safe condition and four key risk conditions leading to serious crashes (i.e., fatalities and injuries). Each key risk condition is discussed and compared with its adjacent rules. Based on the findings, some countermeasures to rectify the freeway's serious one-vehicle crashes are proposed. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.|
|期刊:||ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION|