Title: Erosion effects assessed by repeated gravity measurements in southern Taiwan
Authors: Mouyen, M.
Masson, F.
Hwang, C.
Cheng, C. -C.
Le Moigne, N.
Lee, C. W.
Kao, R.
Hsieh, W. -C.
Department of Civil Engineering
Keywords: Time variable gravity;Hydrology;Creep and deformation;Asia
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2013
Abstract: We analyse temporal variations of gravity measured in southern Taiwan since November 2006 at 10 sites using absolute gravimeters and, since November 2008, at 70 sites using a relative gravimeter. We describe and apply methods to interpret the gravity changes in terms of local hydrological processes and vertical ground motions. The effect of land water is computed from local rainfall data and a model of rain accumulation and discharge in the ground. The effect of the vertical motions of the ground is estimated using time-series of permanent Global Positioning System (GPS) stations and the theoretical gravity to height ratio of -2 mu Gal cm(-1). Unexpectedly, Morakot typhoon (2009 August), the strongest typhoon in Taiwan in 50 yr, was responsible for the highest gravity changes. Morakot triggered numerous large landslides and debris flow deposits. Their thicknesses are estimated from the gravity changes (up to similar to 280 mu Gal) along with field observations and satellite images.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggs019
ISSN: 0956-540X
DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggs019
Volume: 192
Issue: 1
Begin Page: 113
End Page: 136
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