Title: Melting behavior of Ag-14 cluster: An order parameter by instantaneous normal modes
Authors: Tang, Ping-Han
Wu, Ten-Ming
Hsu, P. J.
Lai, S. K.
Institute of Physics
Issue Date: 28-Dec-2012
Abstract: This paper studies the melting behavior of Ag-14 cluster employing the instantaneous normal mode (INM) analysis that was previously developed for bimetallic cluster Ag17Cu2. The isothermal Brownian-type molecular dynamics simulation is used to generate atom configurations of Ag-14 at different temperatures up to 1500 K. At each temperature, these atomic configurations are then analyzed by the INM technique. To delve into the melting behavior of Ag-14 cluster which differs from Ag17Cu2 by the occurrence of an anomalous prepeak in the specific heat curve in addition to the typical principal peak, we appeal to examining the order parameter tau(T) defined in the context of the INM method. Two general approaches are proposed to calculate tau(T). In one, tau(T) is defined in terms of the INM vibrational density of states; in another, tau(T) is defined considering the cluster as a rigid body with its rotational motions described by three orthogonal eigenvectors. Our results for Ag-14 by these two methods indicate the mutual agreement of tau(T) calculated and also the consistent interpretation of the melting behavior with the specific heat data. The order parameter tau(T) provides in addition an insightful interpretation between the melting of clusters and the concept of broken symmetry which has been found successful in studies of the melting transition of bulk systems. (C) 2012 American Institute of Physics. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4772096]
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4772096
ISSN: 0021-9606
DOI: 10.1063/1.4772096
Volume: 137
Issue: 24
End Page: 
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