Title: The APE1 Asp/Asp Genotype and the Combination of APE1 Asp/Asp and hOGG1-Cys Variants Are Associated With Increased p53 Mutation in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Authors: Lin, Chun-Hsuan
Chen, Po-Ming
Cheng, Ya-Wen
Chen, Chih-Yi
Yuan, Chiun-Jye
Lee, Huei
Department of Biological Science and Technology
Keywords: hOGG1 Ser326Cys;APE1 Asp148Glu;p53 mutation;NSCLC
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2012
Abstract: Background: The hOGG1 Ser326Cys polymorphism is associated with lung cancer risk, but there are limited data regarding an association between the APE1 Asp148Glu polymorphism and lung cancer. Biological evidence shows that the hOGG1-Cys allele results in less DNA repair activity; however, this is not associated with p53 mutation in lung cancer. Therefore, we investigated whether an interaction between 110001 and APE1 is associated with the frequency of p53 mutation in lung cancer. Methods: We studied 217 Taiwanese adults with primary lung cancer. DNA polymorphisms of hOGG1 and APE1 were determined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based restriction fragment length polymorphism. Mutations in p53 exons 5-8 were detected by direct sequencing. Multiple logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% CIs for the risk of p53 mutation associated with polymorphisms of hOGG1 and APE I in lung cancer. Results: As expected, no association between hOGG1 polymorphism and p53 mutation was observed in this population. However, a higher risk of p53 mutation was found in participants with the APE I Asp/Asp genotype than in those with the APE1-Glu allele (OR, 2.15; 95% CI, 1.19-3.87; P = 0.011). The risk of p53 mutation was also higher in participants with APEI Asp/Asp plus hOGG1-Cys than in those with APE1-Glu plus hOGG1 Ser/Ser (OR, 3.72; 95% Cl, 1.33-10.40; P = 0.012). Conclusions: These results suggest that the APE I Asp/Asp genotype and the combination of the APE I Asp/Asp and hOGG1-Cys variants are associated with increased risk of p53 mutation in non small cell lung cancer.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2188/jea.JE20120048
ISSN: 0917-5040
DOI: 10.2188/jea.JE20120048
Volume: 22
Issue: 6
Begin Page: 537
End Page: 542
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