|標題:||Vanadium Substitution of LiFePO4 Cathode Materials To Enhance the Capacity of LiFePO4-Based Lithium-Ion Batteries|
Peterson, Vanessa K.
Department of Electrophysics
|摘要:||The mechanism of enhancing the capacity of the LiFePO4 cathodes in lithium ion batteries by the addition of a small amount of vanadium, which locate on the lithium site and induce lithium vacancies in the crystal structure, is reported in this article. As a result, the capacity increases from 138 mAh/g found for pristine LiFePO4 to 155 mAh/g for the V-added compound, and the conductivity increases from 4.75 x 10(-4) S/cm for the LiFePO4 without V addition to 1.9 x 10(-2) S/cm for the V-added compound. A possible model to facilitate the enhancement of conductivity and capacity is described with evidence supported by X-ray powder diffraction, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, and neutron powder diffraction data.|
|期刊:||JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C|