標題: ACE/ACE2 Ratio and MMP-9 Activity as Potential Biomarkers in Tuberculous Pleural Effusions
作者: Hsieh, Wen-Yeh
Kuan, Tang-Ching
Cheng, Kun-Shan
Liao, Yan-Chiou
Chen, Mu-Yuan
Lin, Pei-Heng
Hsu, Yuan-Chang
Huang, Chen-Yi
Hsu, Wei-Hua
Yu, Sheng-Yao
Lin, Chih-Sheng
生物科技學系
Department of Biological Science and Technology
關鍵字: angiotensin converting enzyme;angiotensin converting enzyme 2;exudative effusion;matrix metalloproteinase-9;tuberculous effusion
公開日期: 2012
摘要: Objective: Pleural effusion is common problem, but the rapid and reliable diagnosis for specific pathogenic effusions are lacking. This study aimed to identify the diagnosis based on clinical variables to differentiate pleural tuberculous exudates from other pleural effusions. We also investigated the role of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMPs) in the pathogenesis of pleural exudates. Experimental design: The major components in RAS and extracellular matrix metabolism, including angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), ACE2, MMP-2 and MMP-9 activities, were measured and compared in the patients with transudative (n = 45) and exudative (n = 80) effusions. The exudative effusions were come from the patients with tuberculosis (n = 20), pneumonia (n = 32), and adenocarcinoma (n = 28). Results: Increased ACE and equivalent ACE2 activities, resulting in a significantly increased ACE/ACE2 ratio in exudates, were detected compared to these values in transudates. MMP-9 activity in exudates was significantly higher than that in transudates. The significant correlation between ACE and ACE2 activity that was found in transudates was not found in exudates. Advanced analyses showed significantly increased ACE and MMP-9 activities, and decreased ACE2 activity in tuberculous pleural effusions compared with those in pneumonia and adenocarcinoma effusions. The results indicate that increased ACE and MMP-9 activities found in the exudates were mainly contributed from a higher level of both enzyme activities in the tuberculous pleural effusions. Conclusion: Interplay between ACE and ACE2, essential functions in the RAS, and abnormal regulation of MMP-9 probably play a pivotal role in the development of exudative effusions. Moreover, the ACE/ACE2 ratio combined with MMP-9 activity in pleural fluid may be potential biomarkers for diagnosing tuberculous pleurisy.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11536/20508
ISSN: 1449-2288
期刊: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
Volume: 8
Issue: 8
起始頁: 1197
結束頁: 1205
顯示於類別:期刊論文


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