Title: Selection of independent components based on cortical mapping of electromagnetic activity
Authors: Chan, Hui-Ling
Chen, Yong-Sheng
Chen, Li-Fen
Department of Computer Science
Issue Date: 1-Oct-2012
Abstract: Independent component analysis (ICA) has been widely used to attenuate interference caused by noise components from the electromagnetic recordings of brain activity. However, the scalp topographies and associated temporal waveforms provided by ICA may be insufficient to distinguish functional components from artifactual ones. In this work, we proposed two component selection methods, both of which first estimate the cortical distribution of the brain activity for each component, and then determine the functional components based on the parcellation of brain activity mapped onto the cortical surface. Among all independent components, the first method can identify the dominant components, which have strong activity in the selected dominant brain regions, whereas the second method can identify those inter-regional associating components, which have similar component spectra between a pair of regions. For a targeted region, its component spectrum enumerates the amplitudes of its parceled brain activity across all components. The selected functional components can be remixed to reconstruct the focused electromagnetic signals for further analysis, such as source estimation. Moreover, the inter-regional associating components can be used to estimate the functional brain network. The accuracy of the cortical activation estimation was evaluated on the data from simulation studies, whereas the usefulness and feasibility of the component selection methods were demonstrated on the magnetoencephalography data recorded from a gender discrimination study.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1741-2560/9/5/056006
ISSN: 1741-2560
DOI: 10.1088/1741-2560/9/5/056006
Volume: 9
Issue: 5
End Page: 
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