Title: KINETIC-STUDY ON SIMULTANEOUS INTERPENETRATING POLYMER NETWORK FORMATION OF EPOXY-RESIN AND UNSATURATED POLYESTER
Authors: LIN, MS
CHANG, RJ
YANG, T
SHIH, YF
應用化學系
Department of Applied Chemistry
Issue Date: 21-Mar-1995
Abstract: Simultaneous interpenetrating polymer networks (SIN) based on diglycidyl ether of bisphenol-A (DGEBA) and unsaturated polyester (UP) in weight ratios of 100/0, 50/50, and 0/100 were blended and cured simultaneously by using cumene hydroperoxide (CHP) and m-xylenediamine (MXDA) as curing agents. A kinetic study during SIN formation was carried out at 43, 53, 58, and 64 degrees C. Concentration changes for both epoxide and C=C bond were monitored with Fourier transform infrared (FTIR). Rate expressions for epoxide polymerization were established with model reactions for phenyl glycidyl ether (PGE) and benzylamine in dichloroethane containing benzyl alcohol. Experimental results revealed that a lower cure rate constant for the C=C bond during SIN formation was found, compared with pure UP network formation. A model of network interlock is proposed to account for this phenomenon. During simultaneous cure of DGEBA and UP, the network interlock should provide a sterically hindered environment, which subsequently retards cure rate for UP. On the other hand, epoxide cure during SIN formation indicates higher rate constants for both uncatalyzed and catalyzed reactions, compared with those of pure DGEBA cure. Presumably the catalytic effect of hydroxyl end groups in UP overcomes the effect of network interlock. Kinetic parameters were calculated and are discussed. (C) 1995 John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11536/2008
ISSN: 0021-8995
Journal: JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE
Volume: 55
Issue: 12
Begin Page: 1607
End Page: 1617
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