標題: How digital scaffolds in games direct problem-solving behaviors
作者: Sun, Chuen-Tsai
Wang, Dai-Yi
Chan, Hui-Ling
資訊工程學系
Department of Computer Science
關鍵字: Human-computer interface;Interactive learning environments;Secondary education;Teaching/learning strategies
公開日期: 1-十一月-2011
摘要: Digital systems offer computational power and instant feedback. Game designers are using these features to create scaffolding tools to reduce player frustration. However, researchers are finding some unexpected effects of scaffolding on strategy development and problem-solving behaviors. We used a digital Sudoku game named Professor Sudoku to classify built-in critical features, frustration control and demonstration scaffolds, and to investigate their effects on player/learner behaviors. Our data indicate that scaffolding support increased the level at which puzzles could be solved, and decreased frustration resulting from excessive numbers of retries. However, it also reduced the number of unassisted placements (i.e., independently filled cells), and increased reliance on scaffolding tools, both of which are considered disadvantageous for learning. Among the three scaffold types, frustration control reduced the potential for players to feel stuck at certain levels, but also reduced the frequency of use of critical feature-making tools, which are thought to have greater heuristic value. We conclude that the simultaneous provision of critical feature and frustration control scaffolds may increase player reliance on available support, thereby reducing learning opportunities. Providing players with critical features and demonstration scaffolds at the same time increases reliance on available support for some players, but for most it encourages the development of solving strategies. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2011.05.022
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/18518
ISSN: 0360-1315
DOI: 10.1016/j.compedu.2011.05.022
期刊: COMPUTERS & EDUCATION
Volume: 57
Issue: 3
起始頁: 2118
結束頁: 2125
顯示於類別:期刊論文


文件中的檔案:

  1. 000294099000024.pdf