|標題:||Solution to an open problem on 4-ordered Hamiltonian graphs|
Tan, Jimmy J. M.
Department of Computer Science
|關鍵字:||Generalized Petersen graphs;Hamiltonian;4-ordered|
|摘要:||A graph G is k-ordered if for any sequence of k distinct vertices of G, there exists a cycle in G containing these k vertices in the specified order. It is k-ordered Hamiltonian if, in addition, the required cycle is Hamiltonian. The question of the existence of an infinite class of 3-regular 4-ordered Hamiltonian graphs was posed in Ng and Schultz (1997) . At the time, the only known examples were K-4 and K-3.3. Some progress was made in Meszaros (2008)  when the Peterson graph was found to be 4-ordered and the Heawood graph was proved to be 4-ordered Hamiltonian: moreover an infinite class of 3-regular 4-ordered graphs was found. In this paper we show that a subclass of generalized Petersen graphs are 4-ordered and give a complete classification for which of these graphs are 4-ordered Hamiltonian. In particular, this answers the open question regarding the existence of an infinite class of 3-regular 4-ordered Hamiltonian graphs. Moreover, a number of results related to other open problems are presented. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|