標題: Forecasting of CO2 emissions, energy consumption and economic growth in China using an improved grey model
作者: Pao, Hsiao-Tien
Fu, Hsin-Chia
Tseng, Cheng-Lung
資訊工程學系
管理科學系
Department of Computer Science
Department of Management Science
關鍵字: Grey prediction model;Nonlinear grey Bernoulli model;Co-integration technique;CO2 emissions;China
公開日期: 1-四月-2012
摘要: Analyses and forecasts of carbon emissions, energy consumption and real outputs are key requirements for clean energy economy and climate change in rapid growth market such as China. This paper employs the nonlinear grey Bernoulli model (NGBM) to predict these three indicators and proposes a numerical iterative method to optimize the parameter of NGBM. The forecasting ability of NGBM with optimal parameter model, namely NGBM-OP has remarkably improved, compared to the GM and ARIMA. The MAPEs of NGBM-OP for out-of-sample (2004-2009) are ranging from 1.10 to 6.26. The prediction results show that China's compound annual emissions, energy consumption and real GDP growth is set to 4.47%, -0.06% and 6.67%, respectively between 2011 and 2020. The co-integration results show that the long-run equilibrium relationship exists among these three indicators and emissions appear to be real output inelastic and energy consumption elastic. The estimated values cannot support an EKC hypothesis, and real output is significantly negative impact on emissions. In order to promote economic and environmental quality, the results suggest that China should adopt the dual strategy of increasing energy efficiency, reducing the loss in power transmission and distribution and stepping up energy conservation policies to reduce any unnecessary wastage of energy. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11536/16058
ISSN: 0360-5442
期刊: ENERGY
Volume: 40
Issue: 1
結束頁: 400
顯示於類別:期刊論文


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