|標題:||Adiabatically slow and adiabatically fast driven ratchets|
|作者:||Rozenbaum, V. M.|
Makhnovskii, Yu. A.
Shapochkina, I. V.
Sheu, S. -Y.
Yang, D. -Y.
Lin, S. H.
Department of Applied Mathematics
|摘要:||We revisit two known models of deterministically driven ratchets, which exhibit high energetic efficiency, with the goal to uncover similarities and differences in the principles of their operation. Both the models rely on adiabaticity of the potential change process, however, the adiabaticity that we deal with in the two cases is of different types, slow and fast. It is shown that in the former (latter) case the drift velocity is an even (odd) functional of the potential, with the notable consequence that for the adiabatically slow driven ratchet the necessary symmetry breaking occurs only due to time-dependent parametric perturbations, while the spatial asymmetry of the potential is a mandatory condition for the adiabatically fast driven ratchet to operate. To treat energetic characteristics, the models are restated in terms of traveling potential ratchets. With such an approach, we find that in these cases (i) the conditions of high energetic efficiency to be reached are similar, and (ii) the symmetry properties of the kinetic coefficients are different. Based on our results, a strategy for designing efficient Brownian motors is suggested.|
|期刊:||PHYSICAL REVIEW E|
|Appears in Collections:||Articles|
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