標題: Is Our Way of Thinking about Excited States Correct? Time-Resolved Dispersive IR Study on p-Nitroaniline
作者: Narra, Sudhakar
Chang, Shu-Wei
Witek, Henryk A.
Shigeto, Shinsuke
應用化學系
應用化學系分子科學碩博班
Department of Applied Chemistry
Institute of Molecular science
關鍵字: density functional calculations;excited states;IR spectroscopy;push-pull chromophores;time-resolved spectroscopy
公開日期: 1-Feb-2012
摘要: Low-lying excited electronic states of an important class of molecules known as pushpull chromophores are central to understanding their potential nonlinear optical properties. Here we report that a combination of high-sensitivity nanosecond time-resolved dispersive IR spectroscopy and DFT calculations on p-nitroaniline (PNA), a prototypical pushpull molecule, reveals that PNA in the lowest excited triplet state has a partial quinoid structure. In this structure, the quinoid configuration is restricted to a part of the phenyl ring adjacent to the NO2 group. The partial quinoid structure of PNA cannot be explained by a commonly used hybrid of a neutral form and a zwitterionic charge-transfer form. Our findings not only cast doubt on the general applicability of the classical way of looking at excited states, based exclusively on characteristic resonance structures, but also provide deeper insights into excited-state structure of highly polarizable molecular systems.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/chem.201103235
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/15843
ISSN: 0947-6539
DOI: 10.1002/chem.201103235
期刊: CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL
Volume: 18
Issue: 9
起始頁: 2543
結束頁: 2550
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