|關鍵字:||文明;暴力;文人化;陰陽二元結構;比較文明研究;civilization;violence;literatization;yin/yang dual structure;comparative study of civilizations|
National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University Press
This article aims at studying the civilizing process in the Chinese society. By contrasting it with the modern civilizing process in the West, I will discuss what the different paths means from the perspective of comparative study of civilizations. Guided by the idea that violence is socially constructed, this research adopts the approach of structural typology to investigate the relevance between the performances of violence and the societal structures, to clarify the paradox of the coexistence of civilization and violence, and to refute the myth that civilization will dispel violence. By way of exploring the rise and fall of the ball games of jiju, cuji and chuiwan, I will identify a decisive shift in the civilizing process in the Chinese society and call it literatization. I will explain why this shift had to do with the so called Tang-Song transition. I argue that this shift resulted from the change of the forms of societal differentiation. Then, I will highlight the world history's significance of the gentry society that was governed by a yin/yang dual structure, and explain why the coexistence of violence and civilization expressed such a particular configuration under this specific social formation to give a persuasive answer to the following puzzle: why do the Chinese that have a culture of condemning violence and emphasizing harmony display so frequently violent sayings and behaviors in daily life.
Router: A Journal of Cultural Studies
|Appears in Collections:||Router: A Journal of Cultural Studies|
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