Title: Universal conductance fluctuations in indium tin oxide nanowires
Authors: Yang, Ping-Yu
Wang, L. Y.
Hsu, Yao-Wen
Lin, Juhn-Jong
Department of Electrophysics
Institute of Physics
Issue Date: 14-Feb-2012
Abstract: Magnetic-field-dependent universal conductance fluctuations (UCFs) are observed in weakly disordered indium tin oxide nanowires from 0.26 K up to similar to 25 K. The fluctuation magnitudes increase with decreasing temperature, reaching a fraction of e(2)/h at T less than or similar to 1 K. The shape of the UCF patterns is found to be very sensitive to thermal cycling of the sample to room temperature, which induces irreversible impurity reconfigurations. On the other hand, the UCF magnitudes are insensitive to thermal cycling. Our measured temperature dependence of the root-mean-square UCF magnitudes is compared with the existing theory [C. W. J. Beenakker and H. van Houten, Phys. Rev. B 37, 6544 (1988)]. A notable discrepancy is found, which seems to imply that the experimental UCFs are not cut off by the thermal diffusion length L-T, as would be expected by the theoretical prediction when L-T < L-phi, where L-phi is the electron dephasing length. The approximate electron dephasing length is inferred from the UCF magnitudes and compared with that extracted from the weak-localization magnetoresistance studies. A reasonable semiquantitative agreement is observed.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.85.085423
ISSN: 1098-0121
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.85.085423
Volume: 85
Issue: 8
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