From Kheh to Hakka: The Process and Influence of the Hakka Self-identification in Jiaying Zhou
|關鍵字:||客家;客人;福佬;嘉應州;中心客區;Hakka;Ke-lang;Khak;Hoklo;Jiaying Zhou;Hakka core area|
College of Hakka Studies, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University
Because of the administrative division and geographical situation, early Hakka people in the Hakka core area interacted with the Hoklo people in east Guangdong closely. Therefore before accepting the self-proclaimed “Hakka”, Hakka People had experienced a period that they were named as “Kheh” or “Ke-lang”, and then they called themselves “Khak”. In this paper, we compare the identification of “Kheh” (or “Ke-lang”) and “Hakka” in two different contexts: “Kheh” was first used by the Hoklo people in east Guangdong to call those who spoke Hakka dialect, and, second, with the pace of immigration, the same appellation was also found in Southeast Asia and Taiwan. “Hakka” used by Cantonese people to call those which spoke Hakka dialect, first appeared in the junction zone of Cantonese people and people who spoke Hakka dialect, and then spread to the Hakka core area. People speaking Hakka dialect identified themselves as “Khak”, which was earlier than “Hakka”, and “Khak” , from “Kheh” (or “Ke-lang”), was the result of interaction with Hoklo, seems more friendly than “Hakka”. People speaking Hakka dialect identified themselves as “Hakka” had another meaning, they tried to use this appellation strengthening the link between their ancestors who lived in the north. This theory was established in “Jiaying ZhouZhi” in the last years of Guangxu. Although the adoption of “Hakka” was relatively isolated at the beginning, after the Hakka positioning was confirmed, and repeatedly insulted, the identity was strengthened, and the Hakka identity diverged outward.
Global Hakka Studies
|Appears in Collections:||Global Hakka Studies|
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