標題: 論原始客語中的*ȵ1與*ȵ2
On the Reconstructions of *ȵ1 and *ȵ2 in Proto Hakka Initial System
作者: 吳瑞文
Rui-wen Wu
關鍵字: 原始客語;比較方法;內部構擬;顛倒重建;歷史語言學;Proto Hakka;Comparative Method;Internal Reconstruction;Inverted Reconstruction;Historical Linguistics
公開日期: May-2020
出版社: 國立交通大學客家文化學院
College of Hakka Studies, National Chiao Tung University
摘要: 本文探討O'Conner(1976)原始客語聲母系統中兩個舌面鼻音:*ȵ1-與*ȵ2-的擬測問題。O'Conner的方案是將*ȵ1-擬為*ŋ-,*ȵ2-擬為*ɲ-,主要依據是沙頭角客語的讀音。若把O'Conner的擬測與Norman(2011)所提出的漢語方言通音(Common Dialectal Chinese)進行比較,將面臨音韻對應上相當重大的困難。在重新檢視沙頭角客語的音韻系統之後,本文將原始客語的*ȵ1-擬測為*ɲ-,*ȵ2-擬測為*ŋ-。本文提出的方案不僅對內能解釋原始客語的演變,對外也能與漢語方言通音合理地接軌。另外,本文在方法論上有兩個重要的意義:一是依照歷史語言學經典的比較方法,從現代方言的觀點由下而上的建構原始客語,而非直接使用《切韻》來推導演變;二是利用「漢語方言通音」(簡化的《切韻》音系)與原始客語進行比較,從顛倒重建的觀點檢驗不同方案,從而找出更為合理的音值擬測。本文作為個案研究,不僅從方法上展示原始漢語方言擬測的可行性,更期盼喚起學界對原始客語擬測的重視。
In this paper, I reexamine O'Conner's reconstruction (O'Conner 1976) of *ȵ1 and *ȵ2 in his Proto Hakka initial system and address a new proposal for these two phonemes. O'Conner assigned *ŋ to*ȵ1 and *ɲ to *ȵ2 based on the Sā Tóu Jiǎo Hakka dialect. However, when comparing *ȵ1 and *ȵ2 cognates of O'Conner's system with Norman's Common Dialectal Chinese system, we encounter a severe difficulty in phonetic correspondences. After careful investigation of the Sā Tóu Jiǎo Hakka dialect's phonological system, I propose an opposite reconstruction by assigning *ŋ to*ȵ2 and *ɲ to *ȵ1. This approach? could not only explain sound changes in Hakka dialects but also build an efficacious and simple connection with the Common Dialectal Chinese system. Through this case study, I hope to demonstrate methodologically the feasibility of reconstruction in Proto Chinese dialects and evoke the value of reconstruction of Proto Hakka in academia.
URI: http://ghk.nctu.edu.tw/issueArticle.asp?P_No=51&CA_ID=547
http://ghk.nctu.edu.tw/issue.asp?P_No=51
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/155684
ISSN: 2308-2437
2310-8436
期刊: 全球客家研究
Global Hakka Studies
Issue: 14
起始頁: 69
結束頁: 100
Appears in Collections:Global Hakka Studies


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