The Relationships among Job Stress, Leisure Participationand Well-Being-A Study of Laborers of Hi-Tech Industry in Hsinshu Science Park
|關鍵字:||工作壓力;休閒參與;幸福感;job stress;leisure participation;well-being|
Office of Physical Education National Chiao Tung University
|摘要:||目的：本研究旨在探討新竹科學園區高科技產業勞工工作壓力、休閒參與及幸福感之現況與關連性。方法：研究方法為調查研究法，研究工具係自編「高科技產業勞工工作壓力、休閒參與及幸福感量表」。本研究以新竹科學園區高科技產業勞工為研究對象，共抽樣發出問卷500份，回收問卷352份，回收率70.4％；經刪除無效問卷後，有效問卷為328份，有效回收率為93.2%。本研究以PASW Statistic 18.0統計軟體進行資料處理與分析，採用統計方法為次數分配、百分比、平均數、標準差、t檢定、單因子變異數分析及皮爾遜積差相關。結果：研究結果顯示：竹科勞工在工作負荷、個人責任有較高的工作壓力；在文化藝術、體育活動、戶外活動及社交活動的休閒參與較少；在人際關係、自我肯定及身心均衡等幸福感表現較不理想。結論：（一）竹科勞工工作壓力高且休閒參與及幸福感較低；（二）竹科勞工知覺工作壓力、休閒參與及幸福感會因不同背景變項而有顯著差異；（三）竹科勞工知覺的工作壓力及休閒參與、幸福感皆呈顯著負相關；而休閒參與及幸福感則呈現顯著正相關。（四）增加竹科勞工休閒參與有助於工作壓力之緩解及幸福感之提升。|
Purpose: The study aims to explore the current condition and the relationships among the laborers of high-tech industry in Hsinshu Science Park. Method: With self-compiled ”Questionnaire for job stress, leisure participation and well-being of laborers of high-tech industry”, 500 laborers of high-tech industry were selected as sample and given a questionnaire survey. The effective samples were 352 laborers of high-tech industry and the effective recovery rate reached 93.2%. The study adopted PASW Statistic 18.0 in data processing. The statistics methods included descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA and Pearson's Correlation. Results: The study results showed that the laborers of high-tech industry in Hsinshu Science Park had higher level of job stress in variables of job loading, and personal responsibility; laborers had lower level of leisure participation in the variables of cultural or artisitc activities, physical activities, outdoor activities and social activities; laborers had poor performance of well-being in variables of interpersonal relationship, self-assurance and mental and physical balance and so forth. Implementation: 1. The laborers of high-tech industry in Hsinshu Science Park scored high in the construct of job stress and scored relatively low in the construct of leisure participation and well-being. 2. The perception of laborers of high-tech industry in Hsinshu Science Park toward job stress, leisure participation and well-being reached significant difference along with different background variables. 3. The perception of laborers of high-tech industry in Hsinshu Science Park toward job stress, leisure participation and well-being reached significantly negative correlations; while, the perception between leisure participation and well-being reached significantly positive correlations.4.Increasing leisure participation will be helpful for releasing job stress and increasing well-being.
Journal of Chiao Da Physical Education
|Appears in Collections:||Journal of Chiao Da Physical Education|