標題: 首次代幣發行的美麗新世界?我國證券型代幣之規範架構評釋
A Brave New World for ICO? On Taiwan’s Regulatory Framework of STO
作者: 黃朝琮
Chao-Tsung Huang
關鍵字: 首次代幣發行;證券型代幣;Howey測試;區塊鏈;金融監理沙盒;Initial Coin Offering;Securities Token;Howey Test;Blockchain;Financial Regulatory Sandbox
公開日期: 15-Mar-2020
出版社: 交通大學科技法律學院(原名稱:交通大學科技法律研究所)
NCTU School of Law
摘要: 首次代幣發行(initial coin offering,以下簡稱「ICO」)乃近年來廣受討論之募資方式,其一方面使募資者得以迅速募集資金,但另一方面又因其涉及廣泛大眾,若有糾紛將有廣泛影響,而為金融監理機關所矚目。對此,我國金融監督管理委員會(以下簡稱「金管會」)藉由核定具證券性質之虛擬通貨為有價證券的方式,將ICO中之證券型代幣發行(security token offering)引入證券交易法的規範當中,並就證券型代幣之發行與交易建置相關機制,料將對於ICO於我國發展產生深遠影響。本文就金管會之規範框架進行,就ICO之分類、證券型代幣之定義、申報豁免規定、資訊揭露內容及外國法規定適用等面向,若干觀察與思考,期促進後續對話與規範之完善。
Initial Coin Offering (“ICO”) is a financing method that is widely discussed recently. On the one hand, ICO allows the issuer to quickly obtain the funding required, but on the other hand, it involves the general public and may have broad impact in the event of disputes. By including the virtual assets with the nature of securities as one of the securities to be regulated, the Financial Supervisory Commission (“FSC”) subjects one type of the ICO, the security token offering (“STO”), to the regulatory framework of Taiwan’s Securities and Exchange Act and establishes the mechanism for the issuance and trading of security tokens, which would bring significant implications to the development of ICO in Taiwan. This article observes and ponders on FSC’s regulatory framework of STO with respect to classification of ICO, definition of security token, exemption of application, information disclosure and application of foreign law, aiming to facilitate the conversations and to improve the regulatory framework in the future.
URI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3966/252302982020030006005
https://lawreview.nctu.edu.tw/issues/
http://hdl.handle.net/11536/154797
ISSN: 2523-0298
DOI: 10.3966/252302982020030006005
期刊: 交大法學評論(原名稱:科技法學評論)
NCTU Law Review
Issue: 6
起始頁: 151
結束頁: 195
Appears in Collections:Technology Law Review