|標題:||In Vitro Selection and Characterization of a Novel Zn(II)-Dependent Phosphorothiolate Thiolesterase Ribozyme|
Department of Biological Science and Technology
|摘要:||Here we present the in vitro selection of a novel ribozyme specific for Zn(2+)-dependent catalysis on hydrolysis of a phosphorothiolate thiolester bond. The ribozyme, called the TW17 ribozyme, was evolved and selected from an artificial RNA pool covalently linked to a biotin-containing substrate through the phosphorothiolate thiolester bond. The secondary structure for the evolved ribozyme consisted of three major helices and three loops. Biochemical and chemical studies of ribozyme-catalyzed reaction products provided evidence that the ribozyme specifically catalyzes hydrolysis of the phosphorothiolate thiolester linkage. A successful ribozyme construct with active catalysis in trans further supported the determined ribozyme structure and indicated the potential of the ribozyme for multiple-substrate turnover. The ribozyme also requires Zn(2+) and Mg(2+) for maximal catalysis. The TW17 ribozyme, in the presence of Zn(2+) and Mg(2+), conferred a rate enhancement of at least S orders of magnitude when compared to the estimated rate of the uncatalyzed reaction. The ribozyme completely lost catalytic activity in the absence of Zn(2+), like Zn(2+)-dependent protein hydrolases. The discovery and characterization of the TW17 ribozyme suggest additional roles for Zn(2+) in ribozyme catalysts.|
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